How To Fighting Learning Disabilities in Adults

Learning disability is strictly a neurobiological disorder. Individuals who suffer from learning disability generally learn in a manner that is different from the others. The difference is mainly because people with learning disabilities have their brain functioning somewhat differently. But there is no reason to worry as there are some effective ways with which even adults can fight their learning disabilities.

Some of the most common learning disabilities among adults and the ways to fight them are:

    1. Auditory Processing Disorder: People suffering from this disorder are unable to distinguish between sounds even if the sounds are clear enough to decode. Sometimes, they might even fail to understand the source of the sounds. In such cases, the best way to fight is to focus on sound stimulation. Auditory stimulation exposes the ear to carefully monitored sound that strengthens neurological pathways and trains the ear to listen more precisely. This has a direct and strengthening effect on the inner ear, the middle ear, the auditory system as a whole. It is also important that you give the seniors some thinking time so that they can decipher the different kinds of sounds to which they are exposed to.
    1. Dyscalculia: This is specifically a disorder that deals with number difficulty. Individuals suffering from dyscalculia generally face difficulty when they have to interact with digits. Dealing with time is also challenging for them. In fact, with numbers, their brains get jumbled. The best option to deal with such problems is the use of fingers or scratch papers. If you are trying to explain a mathematical phenomenon to such people, you could do so with the help of diagrams.
  1. Dyslexia: It is one of the most common learning disabilities plaguing adults. However, assessing this condition in older adults can be complex as they may have developed coping strategies to compensate for the problems they experience. In addition, they may have poor hearing and/or eyesight, as well as medical conditions that affect their memory and ability to process information. Dyslexia may also affect the diagnosis of other conditions, because of it adversely affects concentration, working memory, motor skills etc. All these need to be taken into account during assessment. Most of the time, they are not able to remember what had been taught. Dyslexia is also known as Language-Based Learning Disability. A good way to assist these adults is to provide them with a comparatively quieter area to read. Books with bigger prints and more spaces between each word could be effective. Adults with such disabilities should be encouraged to use logic rather than memory. They should also receive support through participating in learning.

Learning disabilities in adults are problems over which people have no control. Shying away from the difficulty is not the answer. Instead, fighting them at the inception is the best way to deal with it. Even if one has reached a ripe age and faces certain learning disabilities, you can get them enrolled into learning centers where the staff and counselors help them overcome their problems with care and compassion.

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Screening Methods Used to Diagnose the Disorder

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder is commonly diagnosed during childhood. However, it can be difficult to sort out if the child actually suffers from this deficiency; some kids are just more active and have trouble focusing and needs time to blow off some steam. There are several ADHD screening tools professionals use to help determine if the child has the disorder or if they are just busy.

Child Behavior Checklist

The behavior checklist is often used as a starting point to determine if more testing is needed. It is used mainly for children aged 6 to 18 years and contains a 3-point grading system, with 0 being not true to 2 meaning very true. Parents or teachers answer 120 questions grading how the child behaves both in school and at home. The scoring of this checklist can indicate the presence of possible disorders. It also shows how the child externalizes and internalizes problems.

Vanderbilt Teaching Rating Scale and Parent Rating Scale

Teachers who may suspect a student suffers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder utilize the VADTRS in the classroom. These professionals grade the student on 43 different criteria. With the exception of the performance section the higher the score, the more severe the condition. On the performance section, a high score indicates exceptional academic and classroom behavior.

Parents also use this rating system to help professionals diagnose the disorder. Caregivers are asked to rate the child on 45 different criteria based on their perceptions of school performance. They also rate the child’s social abilities and functions.

Conner’s Rating Scale

Like the Vanderbilt version, this test asks teachers and parents to score the child based on different criteria. This test consists of around 27 or 28 questions broken into four different topics: oppositional, cognitive, ADHD index, and hyperactivity. This testing uses a four-point grading system rating the child from 0 to 3. Like the other tests, the higher the score is, the more severe the problem.

Quotient System

In addition to the surveys filled out by parents or caregivers and teachers, doctors may use the Quotient System as part of the ADHD screening process. This machine measures how fidgety the child becomes and how distractible he is. During the 15-minute test, the child sits at the equipment and is asked by the machine to perform a variety of tasks. While it is used as a tool in addition to parental and teacher observations, this machine can confirm the diagnosis, and it can be used to rule it out.

ADHD screening is a process that starts with the teacher and parental observation. Not every child who is busy or active has this disorder. Some kids have no problem pay attention during class, they simply have a lot of energy to burn off. However, only a medical doctor can determine if the child genuinely suffers from Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. By sharing these observations with the child’s pediatrician only then, can a true diagnosis be made and a plan to help the child is determined.

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Steps to Surviving College

here is a big difference from high school and college. In high school, teachers help guide you, assignments are fairly easy, and you have time to partake in many clubs or sports. In college, you are completely on your own and you control if you will fail or succeed. Professors give you the necessary information needed, but it is up to you to successfully guide yourself through the classes. Assignments are harder and take more time; and because you schedule is filled with projects, exams, class assignments and presentations, there is not much free time left for clubs and organizations. Because of this dramatic change from high school to college, students are not prepared. This means they can get behind easily and potentially fail within their first year. But from my experience, students should obey the following 7 steps to successfully survive college without going crazy or potentially fail.

1.) Get Organized. From tests, assignments, projects, club meetings and study groups, you will have a full schedule while in college. It is very easy to fall behind if you do not stay organized and stay on top of your schedule. Dedicate a calendar specifically to school duties and due dates so you know exactly what is coming up.

2.) Create Study Groups for Each Class. There is no better way to be prepared for tests or quizzes than a study group. You can learn new study techniques from other students in your group or finally make connections from the book to your mind. Try to meet with your study group 2 times before each test and dedicate 2 hours of studying to each meeting.

3.) Join Clubs/Organizations. There are multiple benefits to joining a club or organization on your university’s campus. Some advantages include: making new friends, growing your resume, meeting potential employers, getting ready for the business world, and lastly, helping your community.

4.) Communicate with your Professors. Professors teach, on average, 120-150 students per semester. College professors do not have time to regularly check in with each student to see how they are doing academically. If you are having problems with an assignment, or just want to ask a question, TALK TO YOUR PROFESSOR. They will not know you are in need of help unless you bring it to their attention first.

5.) Surround yourself with Positive and Encouraging People. No one needs negativity in their life, especially a college student. Having friends and family that urge you to succeed and love you unconditionally is extremely beneficial. If you need to vent about a professor or a difficult project, you have those positive people in your life to go to. They are also great for advice and support.

6.) Eat Healthy. Students do not realize how beneficial a healthy diet could be. Eating healthy means feeling healthy. You will have more energy, look better physically, and be able to accomplish more in one day.

7.) Get on a Regular Sleep Schedule. Sleep is extremely important. One can not function efficiently when running on 4-5 hours of sleep because you worked the late shift at Petco, then forgot you had a paper due that night as well. Keeping track of your schedule, staying on top of assignments, and getting things done early means a higher chance of you getting a good nights rest. A good nights sleep means you can function better during the day.

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All About Attending College

Recent employment statistics in the USA strongly imply that investing in a costly college education is risky at best. Look deeper for more details in the headline news from the Department of Labor that proudly boasts that hundreds of thousands of new jobs were added. Between September 2015 and March 2016, 14 times more of those new jobs went to unskilled workers who did not have a high school diploma than to those who had a college degree.

Essentially, this is a measure of performance of a service industry dominated economy. Over time, the USA has lost much of its manufacturing base to third world (emerging) nations. Essentially, both the over-taxation of U.S. industry when combined with the little or no regulation and the cheap unskilled labor in the third world, has encouraged the moves. Especially, when a key industry competitor made such a move, the other U.S. companies that produced competing products were compelled to move their manufacturing out of the USA too.

What does this have to do with college? College, since the 1950’s, has churned out graduates who mostly took junior manager jobs in companies that employed skilled laborers. Since the USA has lost those jobs, and is mostly a service company-driven economy, the need for college educated managers has greatly diminished. Why does a fast food franchise need to hire a recent college graduate to manage anything? The answer is that it does not need to do that, and it had better not suffer it either. It makes better business sense to hire many high school dropouts to work the various menial jobs, identify the ones who have some integrity and can work a cash register, and train them up to manage a small work force that always will have a high turn over rate – because that job is not a career.

Some people attend college with clear future job goals, and while they are in college they do their best to learn and earn high grades in their classes. Students who have a clear goal, a plan on how to get there, and come out of college with a degree in a field that has a career, plus they show by their grades that they are top performers greatly enhance their chances of getting hired. However, our economy today works against even those top performing students. This last quarter, the US GDP was only about 1%. Who needs to pay the grossly inflated costs of fat-cat me-focused colleges in order to obtain a non-competitive college degree in a 1% economy?

My article is for the legions of kids who show up at colleges because their parents defined success in the 1950’s as having a college degree. This is not the 1950’s. If those kids don’t know why they are in college, have no career goal yet, have never planned more than what they might do tonight, and do not know their own potential, they are doomed to squander their parent’s money or to saddle themselves with hopeless decades-long debt. Perhaps worse than that, millions of them will join their friends at the hometown fast food franchise, four years late. There, they will probably work for some of their friends, who went straight there, and earned their way to become managers.

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Training for Slow Learners

Children who are slow learners are often written-off as lazy or dim-witted by many. However, it’s important to understand their special needs and help them overcome their learning disability. After all, learning difficulties not only interfere with their education and personal life but is likely to trigger feelings of doubt and low self-worth too. Therefore, it becomes imperative for parents and teachers to help these children. One solution for this condition is to opt for brain training.

What is brain training?

It refers to teaching programs that are based on scientific reading and learning principles that have been researched and developed by a multi-disciplinary team of professionals. The aim of such programs is to address the root causes of learning difficulties, and not just the symptoms. Additionally, they seek to develop speedily and significantly those underlying mental skills that are responsible for effective learning.

What does it involve?

Brain Teaser Games

These may involve quizzes, interesting exercises like grouping similar pictures, numerical exercises with everyday items like foods, grocery lists etc. These games are known to offer constant stimulation to the child’s brain, making it respond better and faster. Just as your muscles benefit from exercises, these brain teaser games will give your child’s brain some much-needed exercise, thus help improve his/her memory power and encouraging faster processing.

Sound Therapy

This involves The Listening Program (TLP), which is based on Dr. Albert Tomatis’s principles. This therapy uses sound and music stimulation method, which retrain the auditory pathways and the ear for improved attention, learning, sensory integration and communication.

Games/CDs for Logical Reasoning Skills

You can find CDs and online sites offering interactive games that encourage development of logical reasoning skills such as classification, exclusion, deductive/inductive reasoning, patterning and conjunction, among others.

Visual-Spatial Activities

These activities focus on various aspects of visual-spatial skills and aim to work on visual memory, visualization, mental rotation, spatial orientation, visual tracking and multi-perspective coordination, among other skills. Developing the visual-spatial skills can especially help children struggling with math and science.

All these brain games and activities are fun and interactive – each designed to engage and challenge the child. They are usually available for multiple training levels – starting from easy to moderate and challenging, with an objective of keeping the child’s brain training program interesting. If you want to get your child to undergo such training under the supervision of professionals, you can search for academic tutoring centers offering them. The programs for slow learners in these centers are designed to include a variety of these games and sessions as mentioned above, and track their improvement regularly, adjusting the program on the way, if needed, to keep the child motivated and interested.

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Something That College Courses Does Not Teach You

College classes are great. They may last for only 45 minutes, your professor may or may not have invented ethernet, and they can be really really interesting. What makes college courses different from high school classes is that you’re actually taking classes that are specific to want you want to do for a career, and you therefore are more motivated to pay attention, study, and take the knowledge you learn in class, outside of the classroom. However, is what we learn outside of the classroom more valuable than what we’re learning during lectures?

It is no secret that there are certain jobs that you absolutely need to have years of classroom experience in. I don’t know about you, but I definitely prefer to have a surgeon who went to undergrad, medical school, and went through residency compared to someone on the street who has a pair of scissors looking to make some cash. On the other hand, there are multiple types of jobs that benefit from an employee having background knowledge about the topic, like teaching, but employees will learn the most when they are in the classroom getting first hand experience.

There are different types of learners who require different styles of teaching in order for them to be the best student and employee. This isn’t meant to say that classroom learning isn’t important, because it provides anyone with the fundamentals that they need in order to navigate their career on their own. Going back to our teaching example, a student could spend 4 years in college learning about different student learning styles, methods of instruction, etc. but if they were thrown into a classroom without a student teaching background the first day of school would be a recipe for disaster.

Everything seems to be changing these days, and that includes many career fields. A professor can attempt to teach their students about the relevant technology that they will need for their jobs, but once a student actually starts an internship they won’t be able to really know what will be needed of them until they get real life experience.

What this means for you is that regardless of what your major is, attending your classes are important. There’s no surprise there. However, everyone needs to get some sort of practical experience with their intended job so they don’t walk in on the first day questioning what Excel is (hopefully everyone has learned that much in college). It is up to you to navigate the field on your own and determine how what you have learned in college will help you with your future.

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