Learning disability is strictly a neurobiological disorder. Individuals who suffer from learning disability generally learn in a manner that is different from the others. The difference is mainly because people with learning disabilities have their brain functioning somewhat differently. But there is no reason to worry as there are some effective ways with which even adults can fight their learning disabilities.
Some of the most common learning disabilities among adults and the ways to fight them are:
- Auditory Processing Disorder: People suffering from this disorder are unable to distinguish between sounds even if the sounds are clear enough to decode. Sometimes, they might even fail to understand the source of the sounds. In such cases, the best way to fight is to focus on sound stimulation. Auditory stimulation exposes the ear to carefully monitored sound that strengthens neurological pathways and trains the ear to listen more precisely. This has a direct and strengthening effect on the inner ear, the middle ear, the auditory system as a whole. It is also important that you give the seniors some thinking time so that they can decipher the different kinds of sounds to which they are exposed to.
- Dyscalculia: This is specifically a disorder that deals with number difficulty. Individuals suffering from dyscalculia generally face difficulty when they have to interact with digits. Dealing with time is also challenging for them. In fact, with numbers, their brains get jumbled. The best option to deal with such problems is the use of fingers or scratch papers. If you are trying to explain a mathematical phenomenon to such people, you could do so with the help of diagrams.
- Dyslexia: It is one of the most common learning disabilities plaguing adults. However, assessing this condition in older adults can be complex as they may have developed coping strategies to compensate for the problems they experience. In addition, they may have poor hearing and/or eyesight, as well as medical conditions that affect their memory and ability to process information. Dyslexia may also affect the diagnosis of other conditions, because of it adversely affects concentration, working memory, motor skills etc. All these need to be taken into account during assessment. Most of the time, they are not able to remember what had been taught. Dyslexia is also known as Language-Based Learning Disability. A good way to assist these adults is to provide them with a comparatively quieter area to read. Books with bigger prints and more spaces between each word could be effective. Adults with such disabilities should be encouraged to use logic rather than memory. They should also receive support through participating in learning.
Learning disabilities in adults are problems over which people have no control. Shying away from the difficulty is not the answer. Instead, fighting them at the inception is the best way to deal with it. Even if one has reached a ripe age and faces certain learning disabilities, you can get them enrolled into learning centers where the staff and counselors help them overcome their problems with care and compassion.